Why Python Django is the Best Web Framework for Your Project

 Django past and present

Two programmers from the Lawrence Journal-World in Kansas came up with Django. To publish news online, the newspaper required a web application. Django's authors eventually realised that their solution had matured into a true framework and released it to the public. Django's development accelerated after it established a community, and the number of Django-powered websites exploded. Pinterest, The Washington Post, Dropbox, and Spotify are some of the greatest Django apps. Every year, new apps are added to the Django Sites list. Over 11,000 developers from 166 countries make up the Django community today.

Top Django websites

Django adheres to the Don't Repeat Yourself (DRY) philosophy, making it a time-saving framework. In other words, because Django allows you to assemble your website like a Lego set, there's no need to modify existing code. The framework is well-suited for high-load applications and, thanks to a large number of assistance objects, can reduce development time. This is related to the architecture, which we'll go over in more detail later.

Why is the MVT architecture important for any Django web application?

Django has a nice pythonic structure because it is written in pure Python. It began as a Model–View–Controller (MVC) framework, which is still included in the current version.

The MVC architecture allows developers to update the visual and business logic parts of a programme independently without affecting the other. However, Django's architecture is commonly referred to as Model–View–Template by developers (MVT). The three layers (Model, View, and Template) are each responsible for something different and can be utilised separately.

The structure of Django MVT architecture
SOURCE: HACKR.IO

A model is "the one, authoritative source of knowledge about your data," according to the Django manual. It has all of the fields and actions that the data you're storing requires." In most cases, each model corresponds to a single database table. A database is required for almost every application, and Django officially supports four: PostgreSQL, MySQL, SQLite, and Oracle.


Models are made up of attributes that represent information about your data (fields). Because a model is just a simple Python class, it has no knowledge of the other Django levels. Only an application programming interface allows communication between levels (API).


Models contain business logic, custom methods, attributes, and other data manipulation-related items. Objects (data sets) in the original database can also be created, read, updated, and deleted using models.


The view performs tree tasks, such as accepting HTTP requests, applying business logic given by Python classes and functions, and responding to client requests with HTTP answers. To put it another way, the view gets data from a model and either gives each template access to specific data to be presented or processes data before it is displayed.


Django has a robust template engine as well as its own markup language, which includes numerous tools. Templates are HTML-coded files that are used to render data. These files can have either static or dynamic content. A template is merely there to convey data because it contains no business logic.

Django’s Models
SOURCE: HACKR.IO

This structure aids Django in completing a variety of tasks.

What is Django used for?

People who don't know anything about Django think it's just a content management system. In reality, it's a piece of software that allows you to create and operate web applications.


Understanding the framework's multidimensional character begins with its name. The Django framework is named after jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt, who despite having two fingers crippled due to an injury, was able to perform scintillating lines on his guitar. Similarly, the Django framework can handle a wide range of activities. Django may be used to make the following things:

  1. Client relationship management (CRM) systems;
  2. Content management systems (CMS) for internal and commercial use;
  3. Communication platforms;
  4. Booking engines;
  5. Document administration platforms;

Among other things, Django is great for:

  1. Algorithm-based generators;
  2. Emailing solutions;
  3. Verification systems;
  4. Filtering systems with dynamically changing rules and advanced parameters;
  5. Data analysis solutions and complicated calculations;
  6. Machine learning;

There are thousands of websites across the globe with Django at their core.

Django is a fantastic web development framework. Let's go over some more Django advantages.

Why is Django good for web development?

If you ask any Django developer what they like about the framework, they'll almost certainly give you the same answer. We've emphasised the Django features that make this framework stand out to us.

Advantages of Django framework

  1. Rich ecosystem

  1. Read Django like a system, developers say. What they mean is that there are many third-party applications that come with Django. These applications can be integrated depending on project requirements. To imagine this better, think of Legos. There are many different Lego blocks. In app development, an authorization “block” or email sending “block” is present in almost every project. Django consists of many applications — such as for authorization and sending emails — that can easily be plugged into a system.

    Maturity. Django has been around for 11 years and has gone through stages of significant improvement. A lot of things have been brought to perfection and many new things have been added. Most importantly, when you’re trying to figure out how something should work in Django, you can usually find the answer. Thousands of people must have already solved any issue you’re dealing with, and you can find a solution provided by the passionate Django community.

     

  2. Admin panel by default


    Admin panels are designed to help you manage your application. A Django admin panel is generated automatically from Python code, whereas creating an admin panel manually would take a lot of time and be absolutely pointless.

    There’s a lot of room for customization in the Django admin panel thanks to third-party applications. Additionally, Django allows you to modify the interface with third-party wrappers and add dashboards unique to your needs.

  3. Good for SEO

    Python is famous for having human-readable code, and that’s an advantage if you want your site to rank high in search results. With Django, you can generate readable website URLs and links using the most relevant keywords and search engine optimization (SEO) best practices.

    After all, a domain name is just a “human-readable” string that maps to a “computer friendly” set of numbers, known as an IP address. People fixate on getting the right domain name, but tend to neglect what the URL slug is—Django can fix that.

  1. Pluggable


  1. Django is pluggable by nature and can be extended with plugins. Plugins are software components that allow developers to add a specific feature to an app, leaving a lot of scope for customization. There are hundreds of packages to help you add Google Maps, create complex permissions, or connect to Stripe to process payments. And if you need to scale your project in the future, you can unplug some components and replace them with others that meet your current needs.
  2. Libraries


    Every programming language comes with its own set of libraries for solving common tasks. A software library includes prewritten code, classes, procedures, scripts, configuration data, and more. As a rule, a library is added to a program to provide more functionality or to automate a process without manually writing new code. This reduces time to market.

    Django allows developers to use libraries when building any project. Some popular libraries include the Django REST framework, which is responsible for building application programming interfaces (APIs); Django CMS, which is designed to manage website content; and Django-allauth, which is an integrated set of Django applications for authentication, registration, account management, and third-party (social) account authentication.

  1. ORM


  1. Django is valued for its object-relational mapper that helps developers interact with databases. An object-relational mapper (ORM) is a library that automatically transfers data stored in databases such as PostgreSQL and MySQL into objects commonly used in application code.
Django ORM
SOURCE: FULLSTACKPYTHON.COM

The ability of Django’s ORM to extract information speeds up web application development and helps developers build working prototypes in no time. Developers don’t necessarily have to know the language used for database communication to manipulate data.

Additionally, Django’s ORM helps developers switch between relational databases with minimal code changes. This could allow you to use SQLite for local development and switch to MySQL in production, for example. However, it’s generally best to use a single database to avoid errors that may occur during the transition.


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